Alfred Garloff

Did the German minimum wage reform influence (un)employment growth in 2015? Evidence from regional data

Using the variation across space, age and sex and the variation across space and sectors, we analyze the relationship between the minimum wage and (un-)employment growth in 2015. We use difference-in-differences specifications and instrument the bite of the minimum wage by the lagged bite. The results provide stable evidence that a higher minimum wage bite is related to a higher growth rate of regular employment. We also find stable evidence that a higher minimum wage bite is related to a lower growth rate of marginal employment. These results are consistent with a transformation of marginal to regular jobs. The relationship to total employment is slightly positive in our preferred specification but insignificant or negative in others. For unemployment, we find a positive relationship between the bite of the minimum wage and unemployment growth in our preferred specification but insignificant or negative results in others.

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Suggested Citation

Garloff, Alfred (2019): Did the German minimum wage reform influence (un)employment growth in 2015? Evidence from regional data. Version: 1. German Economic Review. Dataset. http://dx.doi.org/10.15456/ger.2019156.125342