Robert C.M. Beyer

Wage Performance of Immigrants in Germany

This paper updates and deepens our understanding of the wage performance of immigrants in Germany. Using the German Socio-Economic Panel, it documents that immigrant workers initially earn on average 20 percent less than native workers with otherwise identical characteristics. The gap is smaller for immigrants from advanced countries, with good German language skills, and with a German degree, and larger for others. The gap declines gradually over time but at a decreasing rate and much faster for more recent cohorts. Less success in obtaining jobs with higher occupational autonomy explains half of the wage gap.

Data and Resources


Beyer, Robert C.M. (2018): Wage Performance of Immigrants in Germany. Version: 1. GER. Dataset.