Dataset 2 gives the complete raw data, including all collected observations per market. For each entry they include year, type (heritable, life, forced loan), capital/payout in the currency given in the records when available, the source reference for the observation, a column saying if the observation was included in the computation of the yearly means, and a comment section.


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Field Value
Format XLSX
License CC-BY 4.0
Type data
Version 1
Authors Huang, Angela and Chilosi, David and Sapoznik, Alexandra
Publication Date 2019
Availability Download
Geographic Area (controlled) Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Switzerland
Geographic Area (free) Holy Roman Empire, Low Countries
Temporal Coverage (controlled) 1240-01-01 to 1877-12-31
Temporal Coverage (free) 14th-18th century (main data)
Unit Type Other
Number of Units 37817
Sampled Universe annuities sold by urban authorities across the Holy Roman Empire and Italy
Number of Variables
Last updated March 25, 2019
Created March 25, 2019