Source appendix on the primary and secondary sources used to compile datasets 1-3. For each market, the entry first gives a description of the data and period coverage, followed by printed and/or archival sources.


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Field Value
Format PDF
License CC-BY 4.0
Type data
Version 1
Authors Huang, Angela and Chilosi, David and Sapoznik, Alexandra
Publication Date 2019
Availability Download
Geographic Area (controlled) Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Switzerland
Geographic Area (free) Holy Roman Empire, Low Countries
Temporal Coverage (controlled) 1240-01-01 to 1809-12-31
Temporal Coverage (free) 14th-18th centuries (main data)
Unit Type
Number of Units
Sampled Universe annuities sold by urban authorities across the Holy Roman Empire and Italy
Number of Variables
Last updated March 27, 2019
Created March 27, 2019